HOW YOUNG CHILDREN LEARN
Here are some important points about how little kids learn, as well as some reminders of what they need to be ready for school.
- Children must be healthy, well-nourished, and rested. You need a balanced diet, plenty of exercise and sufficient sleep. To keep track of their growth and development, you need regular medical checks. Development delays can thus be detected and dealt with as quickly as possible. Children need immunizations to prevent diseases such as tetanus and measles that can have a negative impact on their growth. They need adults to look after their safety and well – being constantly. Without these basic ingredients, education for a child –and much more–is in danger even before he goes to school.
- Children enter the world to imitate. Your child never ceases to copy what he sees and hears. He notes your words, behaviors, attitudes, moods, habits, and priorities very carefully. He observes how you treat others, how you spend your time, how you work and fulfill your duties. He watches to see what makes you feel a smile and what makes you angry or bored. These are all early and powerful lessons. They shape their own behavior and attitudes, including their learning attitudes. You always teach· by example-not just by your words, but by your most ordinary actions as well. The most important way a young child learns is perhaps imitation. Teaching by example is probably your most important lesson. Sometimes, of course, you fall short. Recognize your child when you do. Explain that ” Dad said something he shouldn’t, ” or ” I’ve lost my temper, and it’s bad. ” Help your child learn from your mistakes by being honest.
- Your child’s reading is critical. As a parent, during your preschool years, you have many important responsibilities. A lot of skills, ideas, facts, and lessons can be imparted. However, from an academic point of view, reading aloud reigns supreme. ” No one has the right if he can afford to raise his children without surrounding them with books, ” said Horace Mann. ” The love of knowledge comes with reading and grows on it. ” If you want your young man to become a good student, get him excited about books. Read to your child aloud. Read aloud if you ca n’t do anything else with him. See section ” Reading read “)
- Too much television interferes with learning. Television is one of the most destructive educational influences in America. It takes time from other activities, such as reading or talking to mom and dad, which are much better for children. Young people are often exposed to images that they should not see any language that they should not hear. Sitting in front of the set gives rise to intellectual lethargy and a physical couch-potato. In the pre-kindergarten years establish good habits and firm rules. Set limits, above all. The American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend a TV under two years old at all. So we do. For older preschoolers, an hour a day is more than enough. TV should not become a permanent babysitter. These early years, remember, are critical. Don’t let the TV put them on. See ” TV and Education for Your Child, ” section.)
- Children need routine and practice. It’s necessary for young children to do things over and over again. They don’t get bored almost as quickly as you do. They actually thrive on it. Practice, for example, is how your child masters his body. That’s why a child is so happy to pick pebbles up again and again-he actually learns how to make his fingers pick small objects. For small children, routine is important partly because it provides the necessary repetition for learning. It is essential to develop good habits. A familiar rhythm in everyday life gives children a sense of security in a world that they regard as unpredictable and strange. Without this sense of safety, a child may have difficulty learning. If your child wants to play Hide and Seek again or asks to go down to the pool to see the minnows for the third day in a row, remember that small children have to do things again and again to learn and to feel confident in their learning.
- Kids need to ask many questions and get answers. Questions are possibly the most obvious way children learn. You will probably decide if your preschool student begins to ask ” why? ” from breakfast to bedtime. As tired as these constant questions can be, it is important to remember that they are important signs of his willingness to learn. The first ” how ” and ” why ” questions for children usually appear around the age of three. They indicate he’s interested in reasoning. He wants to figure out how things work. If you take the time to answer his questions, his curiosity and his willingness to explore will be enhanced. If you ignore them or act upset by all these inquiries, you can make him feel guilty about asking and thus squeeze away his desire to learn. Naturally, every question children ask, parents cannot answer. The limits must be set. Sometimes children have to be told, ” Mom is busy now, save this question until later. “)
- Little children don’t think like you. Everyone knows that children don’t really think rationally. However, once children have a fair command of the language, some parents erroneously assume that they can reason as adults. Actually, the power of thinking logically develops much slower than the ability to use words. The conversation of a preschool student may sound incredibly precocious, but the thoughts behind these words are actually quite childlike and illogical. His thoughts are still primitive. Many of his thinking is based on appearances on the surface, and his conclusions about what he sees are often wrong. Therefore, teaching young children requires a lot of patience and understanding. Sometimes it takes firmly to say ” no ” to a child and to realize that it doesn’t make sense to reason with him, because he can not understand your logical explanations!
- Experience that is direct is critical. Adults have all kinds of skills that we assume when faced with a new situation. We can rely on past experiences, find a solution to a problem, imagine a solution in our minds or print new ideas. However, these mental skills do not exist or are not fully formed for very young children. Students rely much more on direct experience to acquire knowledge. They learn to see, hear, touch, taste and smell things that are physically present through their bodies.
- Attempts and errors are a major part of learning. A child ‘s day is filled with mistakes. This is one of the most important ways he learns because for the first time he tries so many things. He learns something new every time he fails. One of your jobs is to show the right way to do things to your child. However, it is also important to give him the chance to try himself, even if you know that he is not doing something the right way (unless, of course, what he does is unsafe or harmful). As he gets older, urge him to keep trying when things don’t work the first or the second or the third time, because perseverance is the key to a lot of life and learning.
- Play is a childhood business. Just as lion cubs stalk and play to build the skills they need to survive, childhood plays is how people prepare themselves for the adult world. This is how children gather basic knowledge about things like colors and numbers. It gives practice in a variety of skills, which adults take for granted skills as basic as directions to run or to listen. Play promotes exploration. It exercises increasing bodies and creativity. It offers opportunities for interaction with parents and other children and uses words to practice. It’s fun to play, and that’s important. Studying should become a more formal and serious effort when a child goes to school. In the preschool years, a lot of learning takes a good time.
- There are no two children growing exactly the same way. In every group of preschool students, even among siblings, the rates at which individuals develop and learn basic lessons vary widely. It can be said that children start walking alone at about twelve to fourteen months on average. However, it is perfectly normal for a child to begin to walk for 10 months or 15 months. In the same way, some children use short sentences by two years of age, while others use simple words. As long as your child is in good health and you give plenty of attention, attention and stimulating activities, he should do well. Don’t be pushy enough. Some mothers and fathers become obsessed with the idea of ensuring that their preschool children ” go ahead. ” They pull their hair when they hear that little Jane on the street reads by herself Green Eggs and Ham and sits down with drill sergeant determination on the next story. They buy lots of expensive ” educational ” toys, shift their children from activity to activity to make sure they always ” learn ” something and pay big bucks to enroll their three – year – olds in ” schools ” where they can graduate from academia. Lighten up, if you recognize these signs in yourself. You might be on the brink of harm rather than good. Generally, very young children do not thrive under this type of pressure. We don’t say it’s wrong to set your child’s high expectations. Kids should be involved, encouraged and encouraged, but not rushed. Try not to hurry your preschool teacher to become a scholar before he has a chance to be a child. Innocence and youthfulness, after all, are treasures that only last so long and then they are gone.